Патологическое использование и зависимость от социальных сетей — анализ с позиций феноменологии аддиктивного поведения

  • Дарья Зотова Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет, Российская Федерация, 199034, Санкт-Петербург, Университетская наб., 7–9
  • Всеволод Розанов Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет, Российская Федерация, 199034, Санкт-Петербург, Университетская наб., 7–9 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9641-7120

Аннотация

Статья обобщает материалы зарубежной и российской литературы, касающиеся патологического использования и зависимости от социальных сетей, сходства и отличий данного феномена от других видов зависимого поведения в Интернете. В обзоре приводятся данные, указывающие на существование зависимости от социальных сетей как самостоятельного расстройства. Отличия от интернет-зависимости касаются прежде всего эффектов социальных взаимодействий, в то же время во многих исследованиях подтверждено взаимное перекрывание  другими электронными зависимостями (к примеру, от смартфона, Интернета, сетевых игр и т. д.). Чрезмерное использование социальных сетей часто ассоциировано с  другими поведенческими зависимостями, такими как пищевая зависимость, зависимость от покупок, гейминг, а также с рядом других проблем психологического здоровья (тревогой, депрессией, низкой самооценкой, мыслями о суициде и т. д.). В качестве личностных факторов зависимости в литературе чаще всего упоминаются повышенный нейротизм, экстраверсия, сниженная сознательность, а также склонность к эмоциональному общению, иногда авантюризм, склонность к  позерству и  самолюбованию. Для клинических и  научных целей в  Дании разработаны Бергенская шкала зависимости от социальных сетей (the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS)) и Бергенская шкала зависимости от Фейсбука (the Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS)). Оба теста адаптированы во многих странах мира, их широкое использование позволит уточнить распространенность данной зависимости в  различных возрастных группах и  выяснить ее ассоциации с  другими видами зависимого поведения, нарушениями психического здоровья и особенностями личности.

Ключевые слова:

социальные сети, зависимость, BSMAS, BFAS, электронная зависимость, патологическое использование, Интернет

Скачивания

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Литература

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Опубликован
2020-07-26
Как цитировать
Зотова, Д., & Розанов, В. (2020). Патологическое использование и зависимость от социальных сетей — анализ с позиций феноменологии аддиктивного поведения. Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Психология, 10(2), 158-183. https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2020.204
Раздел
Эмпирические и экспериментальные исследования